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Mental health disorders
More and more people are experiencing mental disorders such as Anxiety Disorder
In a world where anxiety is a common experience for people to have, it’s a bit of a wonder why anxiety is not more widely discussed or understood. Although there has been a recent increase in the discussion about mental health and mood disorders, many people are still left feeling isolated in what they are feeling. This is why it is significant to understand the most common mental health disorder: anxiety disorder.
Although anxiety is a normal part of life, people with anxiety disorders experience persistent worry and fear that interferes with day to day life.
Although previous traumas can initiate anxiety disorders in many people, the root cause is generally unknown. An anxiety disorder can begin in early childhood, adolescence, or well into adulthood. There are inherited characteristics that are said to be possible causes of anxiety disorders.
Having a parent or loved one who expressed constant worry or anxiety often molds the mind of a young child, and can lead to an increased risk of anxiety disorder. Anxiety may also be genetically inherited, passed down from one generation to another.
Regardless of the cause of anxiety disorders, they have a major impact on one’s day to day life. And, although there are several types of anxiety disorders, there are specific symptoms that remain the same and can help someone decide if they may need to seek professional help.
· Trouble sleeping (falling asleep or staying asleep)
· Restlessness or feeling on-edge
· Difficulty Concentrating
· Difficulty controlling worry or fear
· Muscle tension
These are some of the major symptoms of the most common anxiety disorder: Generalized Anxiety Disorder. This mood disorder impacts people over a long period of time, usually most days a week for 6 or more months. Over time, GAD can impact work life, social life, school, and all other areas of someone’s life.
Typically, someone with GAD experiences an emphasized sense of worry or concern most of the time. Far more than the average person. This can prevent them from engaging in many social situations, and can make someone feel as though they are “losing it.” Those with generalized anxiety may also experience another anxiety disorder or depression throughout their life.
Other anxiety disorders include:
· Panic Disorder: Marked by extreme feelings of fear or danger, panic disorder can make it difficult for those affected to even leave the house. Panic attacks are characterized by racing or pounding heart (or palpitations), sweating, tingling or numbness, trouble sleeping, shortness of breath, feelings of being out of control, and a sense of impending doom.
· Specific Phobias (or Simple Phobias): Those experiencing specific phobias may have an extreme fear or worry over things like heights, flying, blood, animals, or injections. Although many people have mild phobias, those with specific phobia disorder will go to irrational lengths in order to avoid what they are afraid of.
· Social Anxiety Disorder: People suffering from social anxiety have an intense fear of social situations or performances. Their anxieties lie in the thought that anything they do or say in front of others will be taken negatively, causing them to feel too embarrassed to deal with most social scenarios. Social anxiety disorder is most common in the school or work setting.
· Agoraphobia: Someone with agoraphobia may have a panic-like reaction to situations like enclosed spaces, open spaces, being away from home by themselves, public transportation, or being in a crowd/standing in line. In the most extreme forms of agoraphobia, someone may become housebound.
· Separation Anxiety Disorder: Thought to only occur in children, separation anxiety can also occur in adults. SAP is characterized by an immense fear of being away from someone to whom they are emotionally attached, such as a family member or significant other. This can lead to avoiding situations in which they may be separated from those individuals, believing that something terrible will happen if they are separated.
In every anxiety disorder, panic attacks often occur and can add to the effects that the illnesses have on someone’s daily life.
Although anxiety disorders can feel very isolating and can often lead into periods of depression for those struggling, hope persists.
Natural remedies for anxiety include getting out in nature (hiking or walking trails, for example), exercise, and eating nutrient-dense foods. Specific vitamins may assist in bringing down anxiety levels if a person is deficient in any area.
Therapy, such as talk therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), or medication help many people with anxiety disorders. There are also support groups, where a group setting may help people connect and understand that they are not alone in their experience.
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