Addiction and Abuse
Commonly Abused Drugs
Commonly Abused Drugs
Mental health disorders
Cocaine is an addiction-forming substance derived from the leaves of the coca plant. Since ancient times it has been used pharmaceutical (as cocaine hydrochloride solution) as a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor during surgical procedures
However, in the illicit form, cocaine is available as a freebase crystalline solid, referred to as crack cocaine. Powder and various other forms of cocaine can be snorted, injected, or smoked.
Due to the high potential of habit/addiction-formation, cocaine legitimate medical uses have been outweighed by illicit usage.
After certain doses, it has been found that cocaine produces a sense of euphoria, interacting with the brain's reward system, leading to a powerful reinforcement for addictions
Consistent usage of cocaine leads to significant psychological dependence and addiction development which makes the user exposed to unwanted mental and physical effects that decrease their well-being.
When a person wishes to quit using the drug, the psychological cocaine independence initiates craving for more of it, marked with a period of discomfort and distress.
There are many symptoms associated with cocaine abuse that helps loved one of the users identify t need for quality detox and treatment. Some of the signs and symptoms of abuse include:-
In most of the cases, the patient encounters a burst of energy followed by crashes leading to depression, anxiety, negative emotion, and irritability. These too are cocaine abuse symptoms. In extreme cases coming down from cocaine high, users may feel suicidal thoughts or depict suicidal behavior.
Acute cocaine withdrawal symptoms occur differently in individuals. Some people experience more psychological and emotional issues while others experience severe physical symptoms during the detoxification program. Some of the signs are:-
For users with acute cocaine withdrawal symptoms, the detoxification process depends upon cocaine abuse. Withdrawal symptoms in most of the cases emerge within 24 hours after the last usage and can last for 3 to 5 days. In some cases, symptoms may continue for weeks. This is why there are usually three phases involved in cocaine detox:
This begins after the period of heavy usage, accompanied by symptoms like exhaustion, increase hunger, depression, anxiety, and irritability that can last for a few days.
After the crash, the withdrawal phase lasting for 10 weeks begins that is marked by symptoms like tiredness, cocaine craving, poor concentration irritability, and mood swings.
This is the final phase which can last for up to 6 months after last use, marked by low mood and some craving.
Post-acute withdrawal symptoms (PAWS) experienced by chronic cocaine user exist for long and includes protracted withdrawal symptoms inclusive of poor impulse control and difficulty in regulating emotions.
There are a lot of effects of withdrawal from cocaine that includes cardiovascular issues, seizures, and mental health risks involving depression, violence, and craving.
Treatment of cocaine withdrawal symptoms mainly involves monitoring the symptoms and providing a safe environment for the patient. This helps then detox comfortably and minimize the hazardous effects of cocaine withdrawal.
Professional detox available with inpatient centers is a greatly effective tool to overcome cocaine addiction. However, there is no medication especially approved for the treatment of cocaine withdrawal. The treatment is focused mainly on providing a safe environment to the patient that promotes cocaine quitting in them.
As one of the best options for recovery, detox from cocaine can be done in outpatient settings or inpatient settings.
Both the variety of treatment settings have their benefits however the way they operate is different.
Outpatient settings are best for those patients who have strong family support as the patient is free to go to school or the workplace. They attend treatment and return home to recover there. Outpatient treatment can be available at a doctor's clinic or community addiction treatment centers.
Impatient settings involve keeping the patient at the rehab center. It is highly recommended for people with a higher risk of severe and complicated withdrawal symptoms. Or if there is no home support available inpatient detox program provides 24 hours medical and emotional supervision to the patient so that their recovery can speed up. In most of the cases, an inpatient detox program is available in the hospital or other residential treatment settings
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