Addiction and Abuse
Commonly Abused Drugs
Mental health disorders
Understanding Drug and Alcohol Addiction.The signs and symptoms of addiction will vary depending on the type of substance a person is abusing. Dangers of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Substance abuse is, unfortunately, a commonly seen problem throughout the world. Families in various communities have felt the impact of addiction and experienced the challenges that come with facing drug and alcohol abuse. Since addiction is such a widespread problem, it’s best to be aware of some important facts regarding substance abuse and its effects on those who suffer from it.
Firstly, the truth about addiction is that is no respecter of persons. In other words, substance abuse can affect anyone, regardless of age, race, financial status, or environment. Also, addiction is not a choice. Those who struggle with this problem cannot overcome it by simply choosing to do so. In order to truly end addiction, it’s important for people to get professional help.
Finally, addiction doesn’t develop overnight; it develops over a period of time. Often, however, certain signs will present themselves, indicating that there is a substance use problem. So, if you think someone you know is struggling with substance abuse or developing an addiction to drugs or alcohol, it’s helpful to be able to identify some of the signs and symptoms of addiction. Knowing more about these signs may enable you to recognize the problem and quickly get your loved one the help that he or she needs in order to break free from substance abuse.
The signs and symptoms of addiction will vary depending on the type of substance a person is abusing. But, some of the common signs of drug abuse include the following:
● Lack of energy
● Loss of motivation
● Risky behavior
● Increased irritability
● Memory problems
● Dishonesty and secrecy
● Poor hygiene and self-care
● Constant thoughts about using
● Intense cravings for drugs
Some of the signs of alcohol abuse are:
● Risky behavior
● Bloodshot eyes
● Impaired judgment
● Obsession with alcohol
● Secretive or dishonest behavior
● Constant thoughts about alcohol
● Excessive, uncontrollable drinking
● Difficulty with coordination and balance
Individuals who are suffering from substance abuse might become socially withdrawn, spending less time with family and friends in order to spend more time using or drinking. Sometimes, people who have addictions struggle with feelings of guilt or shame, hiding their substance use habits and becoming secretive about their alcohol or drug use.
After alcohol or drugs have been abused for a while, these substances can truly take a toll on a person’s mind, body, and life. Substance abuse is both dangerous and even deadly, as many people lose their lives to substance overdose every year. The effects of long-term drug and alcohol abuse can be very difficult to live with and, even if an individual recovers from addiction, the physical and mental effects of substance abuse may remain.
Excessive alcohol and drug use can cause physical health problems, including respiratory problems, liver disease, heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, heart attack, and even cancer. Individuals who inject drugs using a needle could be at risk for developing infections due to contaminated and shared needles. Some people suffer from insomnia because of their substance use habits. Also, damage can occur in the teeth and gums, depending on the kind of drug that was being abused. Some people may suffer from hearing loss and vision problems. Also, addiction can cause sudden and unhealthy weight loss or weight gain.
Drug abuse can also cause symptoms of psychosis; hallucinations, paranoia, and confusion sometimes affect those who are suffering from substance abuse. Some of the emotional and behavioral changes that can occur because of substance abuse might include mood swings, irritability, agitation, and aggression.
Addiction can also cause people to become angry or violent with others. In most cases, people who suffer from substance abuse do not mean to exhibit these behavioral and emotional changes. But drugs and alcohol can have unexpected effects as they influence the brain and create chemical imbalances within the body.
The effects of addiction on a person’s life can lead to problems within his or her family, at work, and with friends. Relationships with spouses, other family members, coworkers, and friends often become strained because of substance abuse. Also, supporting an addiction can become very expensive very quickly, causing people to become financially unstable. People who are struggling with addiction often have difficulty performing well at work or in school. This makes it hard for individuals to maintain their daily routines and continue living as normal.
If you or someone you know is battling addiction, it’s best to get help immediately. Through treatment and counseling, those who are suffering can enter into recovery and work toward a life that is totally free from the bondage of addiction.
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