Addiction and Abuse
Commonly Abused Drugs
Mental health disorders
MDMA is a synthetic drug that acts as a stimulant and hallucinogen.
MDMA, methylenedioxy methamphetamine, is a synthetic drug also known as Ecstacy/ Molly. This drug is used for altering moods and perceptions. Chemically the composition of the drug is similar to both stimulants and hallucinogens as they can produce the feeling of distorted sensory, increases energy, emotional out surge, pleasure, etc.
Initially popular at the late-night dance party cultures (raves) the drug has now wider acceptability among the range of people who often call it Molly or ecstasy for the effects it produces on the users.
Three kinds of brain chemicals are affected by MDMA drug usage:
Responsible for producing increase energy/ activity
Increases heart rate and blood pressure
It has an effect on moods, appetite, sleep and various other functions of the body.
This chemical in the body also triggers a hormone that affects sexual arousal and trust. The release of a large amount of serotonin is responsible for emotional closeness, elevated mood, and empathy. These are the feelings that are felt by users of the drug, MDMA.
MAMD's effect can last for 3 to 6 hours. As usual behavior pattern uses tends to take the second dose of the drug as soon as the effect of the first dose tends to fade.
Over the period usage of the drug may cause:-
Many times doses of MDMA, namely pills, powders, pure Molly and capsules, comes adultered with other kinds of drugs besides MDMA, such as cocaine, ketamine, methamphetamines, over-the-counter cough medicine, or synthetic cathinone ("bath salts"). If the person is ignorant of the presence of these drugs in MDMA, the consumption can be fatal.
These substances pose serious health effects on consumers.
Whether MDMA is addictive or not, the researchers have not confirmed that yet.
Some people have shown positive signs towards the drug forming addition habits and the withdrawal symptoms causing issues like:-
As of now, no specific medical treatments for MDMA addiction are available. Behavioral therapy treatment so far has been found useful in treating MDMA addition at drug rehabilitation help centers. Scientists are striving hard making continuous researches to determine how effective Behavioral therapy is for addiction to MDMA.
On the positive note, this synthetic proactive chemical is emerging as a promising (although unconventional) treatment for PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), at specially set up clinics, drug abuse clinics, for the treatment of the same.
MDMA can promote trust and closeness. It may encourage unsafe sexual behavior that leads to the risk of contracting or transmitting various infectious diseases such as hepatitis or HIV/AIDS.
According to the medical researchers, dose of pure MDMA, under the guidance of specially trained psychotherapist, help patients revisit their moments of usual terror and panic with ease.” With the effect of drug this starts having empathy with them.
MDMA is currently in clinical trials where it is being tested as a possible substance treatment aid for post-traumatic stress disorder and anxiety in terminally ill patients. Also, its usage for social anxiety in autistic adults is being tested.
Scientists are researching how pharmaceutical graded MDMA as a treatment substance can be used in combination with psychotherapy for the betterment of patients who have gone through a severe form of PTSD.
The patients who are less active in responding towards other treatments have very positively given signs of response towards the usage of this drug as a treatment for the disorder.
Unlike MDMA as a street drug, that is often adulterated and unsafe, for medicinal purposes it is used in pure and precise doses, at drug rehabilitation help.
Although is the usage of MDMA as a treatment is not available outside clinical trials but early trials are suggestive and hopeful that the therapy would be available to more people in the coming years as it has shown good signs.
In 2017, the food and drug administration has granted MDMA- assisted psychotherapy as a breakthrough therapy.
Currently, the clinical trials are at Phase 3, many sites throughout the U.S, Canada and Israel, are researching MDMA- assisted psychotherapies at a drug addiction clinic. And the treatment has been a very effective option to relieve patients' disorders.
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