Addiction and Abuse
Commonly Abused Drugs
Mental health disorders
Withdrawal syndrome refers to the symptoms that occur when a substance-dependent person stop taking the substance abruptly
Withdrawal syndrome refers to the symptoms that occur when a substance-dependent person stop taking the substance abruptly.
Many symptoms of alcohol and drug withdrawal are the result of the toxic effect that these chemicals have on the brain and the body.
When a drug or alcohol user stops intake, he/she experience acute withdrawal symptoms that can be more severe than others. The symptoms vary with the individual depending upon the drug of choice.
Sometimes illicit and prescription drugs can cause withdrawal. Withdrawal symptoms can last from a few days to a couple of weeks. And there is a need for medication to work with the patient's withdrawal syndrome management.
Struggle with addiction and substance abuse experience withdrawal symptoms attempt to stop taking the drugs on their own. Sometimes the inability to acquire the drug also causes withdrawal symptoms which could be uncomfortable initially.
Withdrawal symptoms typically start after 2 weeks at the most. And when the medical professional oversees the detox process, the withdrawal is easy. Some drugs can lead to prolonged for protracted withdrawal which could last for months and sometimes up to a year.
PAWS is the second phase of withdrawal symptoms in which the brain recalibrate after active addiction.
When the people consume a large amount of an intoxicating substance for a prolonged period they are more likely to develop withdrawal symptoms. This condition is called post-acute withdrawal syndrome.
The term describes the cluster of ongoing withdrawal symptoms that clubs psychological and mood-related issues. Although PAWS is a temporary condition, the symptoms often become a driving factor in relapse.
Post-acute withdrawal is inclusive of aches and pains, cramping, nausea, headaches or any other physical symptom. These could be as intense as acute withdrawal symptoms and can put a person at the risk of relapse. Relapsing is an effort to stop the discomfort by returning to drug usage.
PAWS referred to any symptoms that continuous after acute withdrawal has resolved. Each episode of PAWS plans usually lasts for a few days cyclically continue for a week.
Sometimes people tend to start using these drugs for recreational purposes since these do not cause a rapid intoxication. And abruptly stopping their intake can bring drastic changes in the level of Serotonin and other neurotransmitters in the brain. Antidepressants are prescribed to the people who are struggling with depression. And withdrawal from these medications renders the feel of an intense depression, which may continue for months.
These drugs bind to dopamine receptors and decrease hallucinations and delirium conditions. When these are discontinued the person starts feeling withdrawal symptoms like mood swings that continue for months.
People often struggle too hard to end alcohol addiction. When suddenly stop alcohol consumption suddenly it becomes dangerous and can cause delirium tremens. This is the condition inclusive of seizures and psychosis. It also leads to the chances of PAWS accompanied by long-term craving, ill-feeling, exhaustion, etc.
Opioids prescribed doses or illicit versions like heroin consumption leads to post active withdrawal syndrome if they are not tapered off properly. People experiencing the full intensity of acute withdrawal develop PAWS that is inclusive of situations like craving, exertion, cognitive impairment that lasts for a considerable time.
Marijuana is often consumed for relaxation and feeling normal. and when the person stops taking the draw this starts feeling stressed, depressed and paranoid. The most common withdrawal symptoms are insomnia. In the lack of proper medical help, this persists and becomes PAWS.
The symptoms defer in characteristics and degrees depending upon the number of factors.
Since PAWS symptoms are largely psychological and emotional, support from family, friends, therapists, and counselors play a crucial role in reducing the intensity of these experiences. Listed below are the steps that medical professionals consider to help their clients:-
Specific medicines help with specific drug withdrawal. For instance, Naltrexone helps to reduce craving among people trying to overcome an alcohol or opioid addiction.
Antidepressants help stabilize the mood of the people who are trying to overcome stimulants or psychoactive drugs.
The risk of experience PAWS can be minimized by rendering professional detox, enrolling in a rehabilitation center for offering ongoing support and treatment to the patient after initial substance abuse treatment is over.
Professional detox services are greatly helpful to mitigate the experience of acute and post-acute withdrawal symptoms in the patients. It also reduces the risk of relapse during the critical period of recovery. Long-term treatment, medical detoxification, and support help greatly in the recovery of the clients, effectively managing PAWS.
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