Addiction and Abuse
Commonly Abused Drugs
Mental health disorders
Illicit drug usage in America has increased over the years. In 2013, it was estimated that around 2.6 million Americans, aged 12 or higher, has used illicit drug in the last month. It is approximately 9.4 % of the population of the US.
The Substance Abuse and the Mental Health Service Administration (SAMHSA) conducts the annual National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) in 2013 in the United States lastly. And approximately 67,800 people responded to the survey. This survey is the major source of information on substance use, abuse and dependence among Americans aged 12 or older. The survey respondents report if they have used specific substances ever in their life (lifetime), over the past year and over the past month which is considered as the "current use".
Illicit drug usage in America has increased over the years. In 2013, it was estimated that around 2.6 million Americans, aged 12 or higher, has used illicit drug in the last month. It is approximately 9.4 % of the population of the US. This number increased from 8.3% back in 2002.
This indicates the rise in the usage of marijuana, which is the most common illicit drug in the US.
In the year 2007, it was found that about 4.5 million people were consuming marijuana in the US. This rose to 19.8 million in the year 2013. This percentage makes about 7.5 % of the people age 12 or higher.
According to the reports alcohol consumption in the age group of 12 -20 declined from 28.8% to 22.7 % between the years 2002 and 2013. Also, binge drinking declined from 19.3% to 14.2%. And, heavy drinking declined from 6.2% to 3.7%.
In 2013, 30.2% of men and 16% of women aged 12 years or older reported binge drinking in the past month. 9.5% of men and 3.3 % of users reported heavy alcohol use.
According to the survey in the year 2013, there was an estimate of 55.8 million Americans aged 12 or older who were the current cigarette smokers. This rate was 26% in the year 2002. This means drug abuse declined.
Even teen smoking declined rapidly from 13% in 2002 to 5.6 percent in 2013.
In the year 2013, it was found out that 6.5 million Americans use prescription drugs non-medically in the past month.
Prescription drugs include pain relievers, sedatives stimulants, and tranquilizers.
The usage of hallucinogens in Americans between 12 years of age or older was reported at 1.3 million users in the past month.
Hallucinogens are a category of drugs that includes ecstasy and LSD.
Cocaine usage has seen a downward trend in the past few years. According to the data collected in the year 2013, the number of current users aged between 12 or older was 1.5 million which is lower in comparison to the data in the year 2002- 2007. During that period, the number of current users was around 2 million to 2.4 million.
The usage of this drug was higher in 2013 mounting to 595000 current users. In the year 2010, it was recorded as 353000.
It was recorded that slightly over 2.8 million new users of illicit drugs were added in the year 2013. This means around 7800 new drug users were added to the existing list every day. Most shockingly over half of this percentage (54.1%) was under 18 years.
More than half of the new illicit drug users begin their entourage effect with marijuana followed by prescription pain relievers and further accompanied by inhalants.
Drug usage is highest among people in their late teens and 20s. According to the survey in the year 2013, there was 26.6 percent of the population aged 18-20, were using an illicit drug in the past month.
Also, it was found out that drug usage is increasing among the population in their fifties and early sixties due to the aging of the baby boomers.
Marijuana has been found out to have the highest rate of dependence or abuse, after alcohol. According to the reports, existing 4.2 million Americans meets clinical criteria for dependents or abuse of marijuana in the past month in the year 2013. This figure was more than twice the number of dependents of prescription pain relievers which was 1.9 million.
Additionally, it is nearly five times several dependents/ abuse of cocaine.
It has been estimated according to the results, that around 22.7 million Americans need treatment for the problems related to drugs or alcohol in the year 2013. Against it, only 2.5 million receive the treatment at a special faculty.
Addiction has killed thousands of Americans every year and has adversely affected the lives of millions. Drug/ substance addiction is a mental disorder that forces the patient to repeatedly use the substances. It compels addicts to engage in abrupt behavior even though they are aware of its harmful consequences.
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